Farmers are finding that restoring soils with trees boosts crops in a region where drought has caused successive food crises
Combined with carbon sequestration programs and forest preservation, the approach of integrating climate resilient investments within farming is part of a growing suite of policies and practices known as Climate Smart Agriculture.
The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) has defined Climate Smart Agriculture as “agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes greenhouse gases (mitigation) while enhancing the achievement of national food security and development goals.”
With forests and fish stocks declining, water demand rising and lack of action on climate change, humanity’s path is anything but sustainable, the UN warns.
The Global Environmental Outlook says significant progress is seen on only four out of 90 environmental goals.
The uncertainties in rainfall patterns in Ghana, and for that matter the Upper East Region, has negatively affected general agricultural activities over the years, resulting in poor food production and poor livestock keeping.
The situation has been further aggravated, as farmers and the general public continue to fell trees and set bushes on fire indiscriminately. This, they do without considering the devastating effects of their activities on the environment and general agricultural activities.
The United Nations climate meetings in Bonn have now come to an end. On agriculture, there was much fruitful discussion and trust-building among parties. A contact group on agriculture met several times to share views informally. However, no formal decision on what the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) should recommend to the Conference of Parties (COP) on agriculture was made. Delegates chose to continue to exchange views on issues relating to agriculture (PDF) during COP18 in Qatar later this year.